Semolina is also known as Rava or Sooji ,Semolina is a very gritty, coarse type of flour, usually made from durum wheat and can vary in color from yellow to white depending on the quality of the wheat. It comprises the nutritious heart (endosperm) of the grain, which is left behind when the fine flour is sifted after milling.
Internationally, durum semolina is commanly used in the manufacture of pasta because of its high gluten content, which gives the pasta its pleasent taste and ensures that it retains its shape during the cooking process.
In India, many more varities of semolina are available, made from soft wheat, maize, rice and other grains; Here semolina is used to make upma, idli, halwa, kheer and other dishes.
Semolina is high in protein, very high in complex carbohydrate and fairy high in potassium , phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, and fibre, with some iron, zinc, manganese and copper. Being a low-fat, high carbohydrate food, it offers a lot of energy for active and energetic people.