Wheat is the most important winter cereal grown during the non-monsoon months, and it is less vulnerable to yield fluctuation than other crops. After rice, wheat is the most important cereal in India. It is grown in cooler regions of India during the mild winter months of November to mid-April.
Soybeans is known as the "GOLDEN BEAN" and soyabean belong to the legume crop family and are basically native to East Asia, Its botanical name is "Glycine max" and are the most economically important bean in the world Madhya Pradesh tops the list and the total soybean production in the state is 4.981 millions tons which is about 53% of the total production of India. Soyabean is an exceptionally nutritive and very rich protein food. Soyabean oil is one of the most popular edible of used in India. Soya also used as milk product and availabe in the form of soya chunks which is also called "meal maker " in India.
Health Benifits of Soyabean : - Some of the soyabean health benefits are mentioned below
Soyabean is low in fat with no cholesterol.
Soyabean contains essential heart friendly omega-3 fats
Soyabean provides important minerals such as calcium, magnesium, iron and selenium.
Soyabean is an excellent source of fiber.
Soyabean is good source of enriched Calcium and Vitamin B12.
Soyabean is a complete protein food, containing all the amino acids essential to humanbody.
Soyabean contains isoflavones which are good in reducing risk of various cancers, heart disease and osteoporosis.
Barley is popularly known as “Jau” in Hindi and one of the most important cereal grain crops after rice, wheat & maize. In India, this crop is cultivated as a summer crop in temperate regions & as a winter crop in tropical regions. Barley is a short growing season crop and has good drought tolerant. In olden days, Barley was mainly used as livestock feed and currently it is one of the grains used daily in human consumption (barley malt).Barley also play major role in industrial consumption. Coarse cereals are made out of this along with other cereal crops like oats, pearl millet (bajra), finger millet (Ragi), corn/maize, sorghum (Jowar). Generally, Barley is cultivated as a rabi season crop in India and sowing being undertaken from Oct to Dec & harvesting from Mar to May.
In a 100-g serving, raw barley provides 352 Clories and is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of essential nutrients, including protein, dietary fiber, the B vitamins, niacin (31% DV) and vitamin B6 (20% DV), and several dietary minerals (table). Highest nutrient contents are for maganese (63% DV) and phosphorus (32% DV) (table). Raw barley is 78% carbohydrates, 1% fat, 10% protein, and 10% water (table).
Some of the health benefits with Barley are as follows:-
Barley prevents gallstones in women
Barley improves immunity
Barley is beneficial in anemia patients
Barley prevents bone disorders
Barley lowers cholesterol
Barley aids in weight Loss
Barley aids in Digestion
Barley controls the Type-2 diabetes
Barley works as a toxin cleanser
Barley prevents urinary tract infection
Barley treats kidney stones
Barley protects against cancer
Barley prevents asthma
Sorghum, known as Jowar in Hindi, is a cereal grain that grows tall like corn and is rated among the healthiest grains for weight loss and overall health. It is a gluten-free grain, making it an excellent alternative food for people who have gluten intolerance .It belongs to the major millet family and is the farmers’ friend due to its hardy, drought resistant capacities. This highly nutritious and healthy grain is an ideal addition for your healthy and wholesome diet.
Maize, also known as corn, is a cereal grain . Maize is one of the most versatile emerging crops having wider adaptability under varied agro-climatic conditions. Globally, maize is known as queen of cereals because it has the highest genetic yield potential among the cereals.
In India, maize is the third most important food crops after rice and wheat. According to advance estimate its production is likely to be 22.23 M Tonnes (2012-13) mainly during Kharif season which covers 80% area. Maize in India, contributes nearly 9 % in the national food basket. In addition to staple food for human being and quality feed for animals, maize serves as a basic raw material as an ingredient to thousands of industrial products that includes starch, oil, protein, alcoholic beverages, food sweeteners, pharmaceutical, cosmetic, film, textile, gum, package and paper industries etc.
Enerfy: 86.04 Calories (per 100 g)
Protein: 3.27 g (per 100 g)
Scientific name: Zea mays