Black gram is mainly cultivated in Indian subcontinent. Black lentil is nothing but the split black gram and after removing black skin it is sold as white lentil. In India Black gram is popular as “Urad dal” and it is highly prized pulse among all the pulses. Apart from India it is also cultivated in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Myanmar.
Most suitable climate to cultivate Black gram is 27-30º C with heavy rainfall. This annual crop prefers loamy soil which has high water preservation capability. Black gram grows normally in 90-120 days and it also enriches the soil with nitrogen.