Barley is popularly known as “Jau” in Hindi and one of the most important cereal grain crops after rice, wheat & maize. In India, this crop is cultivated as a summer crop in temperate regions & as a winter crop in tropical regions. Barley is a short growing season crop and has good drought tolerant. In olden days, Barley was mainly used as livestock feed and currently it is one of the grains used daily in human consumption (barley malt).Barley also play major role in industrial consumption. Coarse cereals are made out of this along with other cereal crops like oats, pearl millet (bajra), finger millet (Ragi), corn/maize, sorghum (Jowar). Generally, Barley is cultivated as a rabi season crop in India and sowing being undertaken from Oct to Dec & harvesting from Mar to May.
In a 100-g serving, raw barley provides 352 Clories and is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of essential nutrients, including protein, dietary fiber, the B vitamins, niacin (31% DV) and vitamin B6 (20% DV), and several dietary minerals (table). Highest nutrient contents are for maganese (63% DV) and phosphorus (32% DV) (table). Raw barley is 78% carbohydrates, 1% fat, 10% protein, and 10% water (table).
Some of the health benefits with Barley are as follows:-
Barley prevents gallstones in women
Barley improves immunity
Barley is beneficial in anemia patients
Barley prevents bone disorders
Barley lowers cholesterol
Barley aids in weight Loss
Barley aids in Digestion
Barley controls the Type-2 diabetes
Barley works as a toxin cleanser
Barley prevents urinary tract infection
Barley treats kidney stones
Barley protects against cancer
Barley prevents asthma